We all do essay writing in our college life. Too much content in your essay to remember? Easy, the summary essays are there for that!
Ah, the summary… the students’ best friend! With the large number of materials that need to be assimilated in a short time, proofreading can be a little complicated. But, thankfully, the summary essays are there to help us remember what is most important to know in each content.
There are two basic kinds of summary:
- Reader Summary: You need to explain what you have read to make people understand that better.
- Summary essay: It is mostly written for other readers that is a summary of a legitimate resource. The primary reason behind writing a summary essay is that the readers get to know the detailed overview of that particular resource. It is beneficial for readers who do not wish to read the complete original text.
Cool huh? But I must warn you: knowing how to summarize an essay is not that easy. As you already know the importance of this ally when studying, I elaborated on four steps for you to make a cutting-edge summary essay outline! I got these tips when I asked someone to write my essay. Come with me:
Steps to Write Summary Essays
1. Read and reread the text
How to start a summary essay? The first thing you should know is that preparing a summary is also a way of studying – after all, to be able to prepare it, you need to be well in tune with the subject. You need to examine and observe that unique text. Ideally, you must read and reread the text a few times to make sure you understand everything correctly. While reading, try to sense the vogue, tone, and mood of the author. Also, try to catch and sense the primary ideas that the author wants to express. Enjoy the moment you are studying the subject! Doing some exercises may benefit to some extent.
2. Search for the most important concepts and fundamental points of the text
Now that you have read your essay a few times, you must be prepared to highlight what is most important, that is, what is its essence. It is where you should try to search for some keywords on the subject, to help you get organized, and also to highlight in the essay what is most important. You must sketch a random outline for the text after breaking down the original text into various parts. It would be easy for you to grasp when you break the text into several sections.
Then read those sections once again to mark a few key points. Highlight those texts which you want to refer to in your summary section and not in the essay you write.
For example, if you are doing a Physics summary on thermology, the keywords can be heat, temperature, expansion, the study of gases, Kelvin scale, etc.
In addition to gathering the keywords, you can also highlight the essential items and phrases for understanding that content, or even what you can’t escape from being decorated.
For example, in an exact story, the formulas will be essential, and, of course, they must be included in the summary.
Likewise, In History, you can highlight some names of protagonists of historical facts (for example, Robespierre in the French Revolution, or Otto von Bismarck in German unification), and some dates that are very representative (like 1945, year in that ended World War II).
Similarly, in geography, basic concepts cannot be left out, especially in matters related to geophysics.
Attention! When looking for the fundamental parts of the essay, you will need to have some skills in text interpretation. There is no point in underlining or emphasizing the entire text, so it is necessary to understand what is essential in the middle of those words. Access here a guide on how we can help you improve your interpretation.
3. Organize the main ideas
Now is the time to organize what you understand about the subject. With the most important keywords and formulas, names, and dates, it’s time to guide the summary you are going to write. To do this, try to answer two questions:
- What is being said in your essay?
- How would I explain this to anyone?
At the point, when you have gathered a complete knowledge about every portion of the text, pen down a short review on the main idea, every part of the text wants to convey.
It is also important to try to list the subject on topics that you consider important (if it is a summary of History, do it in chronological order of events). This is where you can “draw” a small outline for the subject, stipulating several main concepts, like three or four, so you don’t put too many things in the summary.
After following the above guidelines, the next step for you would be to write an introduction. It should give a brief about ideas conveyed in every section of the original text. Here, you must include the author’s name, their work title. If required, you may also include a little background about the author.
5. Main body paragraphs
In that passage, compose the idea you encountered while reading those texts in every section. You can expand them by mentioning one or more as provided in that original text. Remember to mention only the vital information and not those that may be irrelevant.
6. Conclusion paragraph
After you ended summarizing the primary ideas behind the text, your essay might be completed. On the advice of your teacher, you must include a conclusion paragraph at the end of your essay.
7. Write the text with your words
Get to work! It’s time to write your summary essay. You have read and reread the text, highlighted the most important words or formulas, already listed the most important topics. You must be almost an expert on the subject. After all that, writing will be easy. Take the subject by the general basics and then move on to the specific subjects within that subject.
Summary Essay Topics
You can write down a Summary essay on:
- A research journal
- Any interesting article
- Summary of any scientific work
- A novel
It can be on any subject. For example, you might want to write a summary essay on:
- A blog post of a famous journalist
- A movie by Ingmar Bergman
- A novel by Jack London
- An article in The New York Times
- Ben Hurr (A film)
- Captain Fantastic (A film)
- Catcher in the Rye (A book)
- Citizen Kane (A film)
- For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway
- Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy (A book)
- Lord of the Rings (A book)
- Mad Max: Fury Road (A film)
- Moby Dick (A book)
- Of Mice and Men (A book)
- Song of Two Humans (A film)
- The Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant
Key Points to Consider
- The foremost vital aspect of a summary essay is its association with the topic. Remember that your translation of the source will mislead the readers or even twist what the original text signifies.
- Your summary essay should be represented as an alternative to the original text. Readers must easily gather correct information about the original text by reading and analyzing your summary essay on the original source.
- A summary essay is all about summing up the original text and not to find faults.
Do’s and Don’t’s
|Only use the phrases by the author if required, else it may appear like plagiarized.||Try not to mention your own examples or understandings in your essay. You must repeat the information provided in the original source but in short frames and to your own choice of words.|
|Always write an essay in the present tense, regardless of whether the author of the original text has left the universe long years in the past.||Don’t mention your personal opinions about the original text. You need to summarize the author’s thoughts and not yours.|
|A writer should perceive the original source thoroughly before starting to write. Get the meanings of the words that are unfamiliar to you.||Don’t put the effort into gathering all the ideas explained in the original text. Emphasize only the significant points.|
|Ensure that you have mentioned precisely to the author’s phrases.||Don’t write the needless information.|
|Do a revision when your essay is ready. You may notice a pleasant place to cite new quotations, make some corrections, or improvise some topics. You may also refer your essay to your friends or any other person to read and attain the idea behind your essay. If that person attains the same idea related to the original source, then your essay is up to the mark.||Don’t incorporate the changes to the flag while shifting to the new concept within the same paragraph.|
- Mentioning excessive or insufficient amount of information in your essay.
- Not referring to the citations with the goal that the expressions of the original text resemble your own.
- Emphasizing on inconsequential information and examples.
- Attempting to decipher or clarify what the author wanted to say. You need to provide a concise summary of the original source and not represent your own understanding.