Building construction has a lot of moving parts. Architecture, engineering and construction industry not only needs proper planning, but they also need a lot of collaboration that is enabled by technology. For designing a building, 3D modeling software is not enough. A building itself is made using multiple processes and multiple people. Building Information Modelling is a technology-enabled set of processes that provide a digital description of every asset.
Different people have different notions of BIM. Moreover, there are a lot of misconceptions surrounding it too. In short, BIM is a collection of processes, people, and technology that is required to create a building – from paper to the brick and mortar stage. BIM consulting services allow real estate developers, owners and investors to get onboard faster and have a completed project in a more efficient manner.
Building Information Modelling Described
To design a building accurately, it is crucial to provide the specifications of each and every aspect of the building. This is not something new. In a paper by Douglas Engelbart, back in 1962, he mentioned how these specifications provided by an architect can help the structure to take shape. However, later in the 90s, the term BIM was not used much as CAD or computer-aided design came into the picture. Now, from CAD, the industry is shifting to the BIM. The BIM incorporates all the processes of the construction project lifecycle. BIM consulting services provide these services to real estate developers or owners.
At its core, BIM is a 3D modeling and designing software. However, there are more additions to it. There are various definitions that are provided by the industry.
According to Autodesk, BIM is an intelligent model-based process that enables the project, engineering, design, and operational information not only accurate but also accessible and actionable for infrastructures and buildings. Here, data is the key. Having large amounts of data keeps everyone working on the project on the same page, from conception to construction and even during maintenance.
According to Graphisoft, BIM incorporates 3D virtual models as well as the process of managing and collecting the data related to the building. It all starts with the 3D model of the building and then expands on it. Information regarding all the parts and pieces of the building is taken into account in BIM, and not just the 3D model.
Finally, Bentley Systems describe BIM as a method to improve collaboration for projects of all sizes. This means that thorough BIM, a complete flow of information will be achieved and different project teams can work with greater accuracy when it comes to designing buildings.
From these, it is quite evident that different companies have varying ideas about BIM. However, all the ideas talk about methodologies that enable more efficient ways to design buildings. They focus on providing accurate information, providing an easy to use interface for people at all levels and solving problems at the ground level.
The components of BIM
BIM can be broken down simply by unpacking the term Building Information Modelling.
This process of BIM relates to architecture, landscaping and civil engineering. It is the act of building together; where people will collaborate and plan the design of the building or the infrastructure.
Information is the “smart” component of BIM. Each and every project comes with a vast amount of information. This not only includes the prices, but also the specifications and the performance, and even the projected lifetime of an asset. The information gives you a complete visualization of how the project will look in the future and will allow you to track potential issues.
BIM brings all the data in one place and hence it is much easier to keep track of all the things.
Modeling provides an overview of every aspect of the project. In the case of BIM, every project is built twice. It is built the first time virtually. Now, a CAD system is used to just make a virtual 3D model of the building. However, the services of BIM consulting services incorporate the construction process too as well as management of the building in the future. This helps the owner with information beyond the design phase.
The model can also help the owner with the information long after the construction has been completed.
Why opt for BIM?
The needs of the industry are rapidly shifting. People are automatically moving from simple 3D models designed using CAD to full-fledged BIM solutions. Some of the immediate benefits of switching to BIM includes
Reduced Cycle Time: The designing process is now much faster, thanks to a web-based collaboration. BIM is not just programs like AutoCAD, but also a set of other programs and services such as Office 365, SharePoint and Salesforce. This technology-enabled collaboration allows a much more efficient design where the owner can directly be a part of the designing process.
Eliminate Errors: Errors cost you money. Sometimes, it is even in millions. Especially when designing a building, chances of human error creeping in is quite high. With BIM, it is easier to spot errors since everyone involved in the project is on the same page. Everyone has the data. This allows owners, developers, and investors to save time and money.
Reduced Changes: As mentioned before, a building is a collection of a lot of parts. Now, some parts may not be compatible with another. With BIM, you have the data and exact specifications for all the parts. This allows you to see if any incompatible parts are there in your project. You can make the decision early and then reduce and costly changes.
Automated process: BIM also allows you to automate the entire process, from the very beginning to the end. BIM consulting services will help you with a schedule or a timeline showing how the project should progress and which steps occur after which.
BIM is now crucial for projects of any size. BIM includes not only the building model but also the construction documents, the 3D visualization, rooms and areas, materials, vendors, specifications of each and every asset and even photorealistic renderings for advertising purposes. BIM consulting services provide you with a roadmap of what will be the best practices, will provide you with designs that save space and cost and also will provide software solutions to solve critical issues.